Tungnath – The highest Shiva temple in the world

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Tungnath is the most noteworthy Shiva sanctuary on the planet and is one of the five and the most elevated Panch Kedar sanctuaries situated in the mountain scope of Tunganath in Rudraprayag area, in the Indian condition of Uttarakhand. The Tunganath (strict significance: Lord of the tops) mountains shape the Mandakini and Alaknanda waterway valleys. Situated at a height of 3,680 m (12,073 ft), and just underneath the crest of Chandrashila, Tungnath sanctuary is the most noteworthy Hindu place of worship committed to Lord Shiva. The sanctuary is accepted to be 1000 years of age and is the second in the pecking request of the Panch Kedars. It has a rich legend connected to the Pandavas, saints of theMahabharata epic.


As indicated by Hindu mythology Lord Shiva and his consort Parvati both dwell in the Himalayas: Lord Shiva lives at Mount Kailash. Parvati is likewise called Shail Putri which signifies ‘little girl of hills’.[2] 

The Tunganath myth is permanently connected to the beginning of the Panch Kedar sanctuaries constructed by the Pandavas. The legend expresses that sageVyas Rishi exhorted the Pandavas that since they were guilty of killing their own particular relatives (Kauravas, their cousins) amid theMahabharata war or Kurukshetra war, their demonstration could be absolved just by Lord Shiva. Thusly, the Pandavas went looking for Shiva who was staying away from them since he was persuaded of the blame of Pandavas. With a specific end goal to avoid them, Shiva took the type of a bull and sought total isolation in an underground place of refuge at Guptakashi, where Pandavas pursued him. In any case, later Shiva’s body as bull’s body parts rematerialized at five distinct areas that speak to the “Panch Kedar” where Pandavas manufactured sanctuaries of Lord Shiva at every area, to love and adore, looking for his exculpation and endowments. Every one is related to a piece of his body; Tungnath is distinguished as the spot where the bahu (hands) were seen: mound was seen at Kedarnath; head showed up atRudranath; his navel and stomach surfaced at Madhyamaheshwar; and his jata (hair or locks) at Kalpeshwar.[3][4][5][6] 

Legend likewise expresses that Lord Rama, the boss symbol of the Ramayana epic, reflected at the Chandrashila crest, which is near Tungnath. It is likewise said that Ravana, additionally of Ramayana notoriety, did atonement to Shiva, the crests’ ruler, when he dwelled here.[3]


It is an antiquated sanctuary constructed in the North Indian style of sanctuary structural planning. It is little in size and can scarcely oblige ten individuals in the sanctum. Encompassing this sanctuary, there are various little hallowed places (around twelve) of a few divine beings. The sanctum piece of the sanctuary adjoins the slopes where the sacrosanct standing dark rock (swayambu or self show linga) with tilt to one side, of 1 ft (0.3 m) tallness, signifying the type of arms of Lord Shiva is revered. The development of this sanctuary is credited to Arjuna, the third of the Pandava siblings, who additionally worshiped here.[2][3][7] 
Exactly at the passage, toward the trek’s end way to the sanctuary, there is a door with name Tungnath painted on the highest point of the curve, which is of late development. A signage at the door passage offers separation to the sanctuary as 4 km (2.5 mi) furthermore expresses that pioneers not able to attempt the trek could leave their gifts in the container (kept beside the gate).[8] 
The building configuration of the sanctuary is like the sanctuaries at Guptakashi, Madhyamaheshwar and Kedarnath. The sanctuaries inside the fenced in area are made of stones with improvements painted on the outside and they delineate tall towers. The most elevated vault has a wooden stage at the top. The arch has sixteen openings (imagined). The sanctuary rooftops are additionally made of stone chunks. At the passage to the sanctuary there is a Nandi stone picture confronting towards the sanctum where Shiva’s deity is revered. The Nandi’s flank is ordinarily blessed for love with blooms and with three lines (tripundra) in yellow earth, with an imprint meaning Shiva’s third eye, which is typical to Shiva’s lovers. At the sanctuary’s privilege passage there is the required picture of Ganesha. In the primary sanctum, ashtadhatu (made of eight metals) symbols of sage Vyas and Kala Bhairav (demi-god), devotees of Shiva, are likewise introduced in the sanctum sanctorum. The sanctuary additionally houses the pictures of the Pandavas and silver plaques of other four Kedar shrines.[4][7][8][9] 
Among the littler sanctuaries, the focal sanctuary is of goddess Parvati, Shiva’s consort. Away to the far in that spot is a gathering of five little places of worship committed to the Panch Kedar, which incorporate Tungnath additionally as one of the Panch Kedar, notwithstanding the primary Tunganath temple.[8] 
Close to the Akash Ganga water fall, near Tungnath, a sanctuary to Nanda Devi is situated to mean that it is slipping from paradise. A 2.5 ft (0.8 m) statue of Adi Guru Shankaracharya is introduced beside the primary divinity of Shiva.[4]

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